Is this the end of Tribunal Fees?
In a landmark decision early today (26th July ’17) the Supreme Court decided that the Employment Tribunal fee regime introduced in 2013 is unlawful.
This marks the end of Unison’s four year battle to overturn the regime introduced by the Conservative Government back in the days when it had a strong majority in the House of Commons.
The judgment is striking, not only because of its far reaching effects, but also in its conclusions:
- the fees regime was ‘ultra vires’ (i.e. beyond the Government’s legal power) because the 2013 Order effectively prevented access to rights contained in employment legislation
- it was also unlawful under European Law because it introduced unjustified limitations on workers’ rights under EU law
- the higher fees for ‘type B claims’ (which include discrimination) were indirectly discriminatory against women
It is hard to imagine a more comprehensive routing of the fee regime! Furthermore, the decision means fees already paid (reported to be as much as £27 million) will have to be re-paid to claimants.
This decision has immediate effect, so huge efforts are going to be required to amend the applicable rules, systems and guidance. There are also serious questions about whether claims that were discouraged by the regime can now be taken.
Employment Tribunal claims were once the bane of employers’ lives, but after the introduction of fees the numbers of claims fell off a cliff with a reduction of 70%. It is of course too early to predict what will happen to claims in the future, but all indicators are that employers will face significantly more claims.
Quite what the Government’s response will be remains to be seen; they may introduce a new fee regime with significantly lower fees, or simply revert to free access.
How bad will this be for employers?
In our view it should not be a problem for employers who understand employment rights and operate policies and practices that underpin fair and equal treatment. However, it is bound to cause disruption, pain and cost for those who don’t understand or follow employment laws.